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Lake Balaton Development Council
Lake Balaton Development Coordination Agency

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Infrastructure

One of the attractions of the region is the existing and continuously developed municipal infrastructure which offers better supply than the national average. The permanent population of the Lake Balaton Region is 275,000 persons, owning more than 120,000 houses and apartments. The number of dwellings per 100 inhabitants is considerably higher than the national average. In addition to the permanent dwellings - which corresponds to the property assets of an average county- , there are a significant number of holiday homes (more than 70,000 houses) as well in the Lake Balaton Region. Altogether, 30% of the holiday homes of the country are found in the region.

Since the beginning of the 1990s, foreign citizens have purchased a significant fraction of real estate. Most of the foreign owners are from EU countries. German and Austrian citizens own 76% and 14%, while citizens from 43 countries share the remaining 10%. In addition, recently the number of Russian property owners has been significantly increased as well at Hévíz and its neighbourhood.

In terms of energy supply networks, water supply, sewerage and telephone services provision the region is above the national average. The main reason for this fact is that the maximum capacity of most of the infrastructure was designed and developed for the summer population peak, including tourists as well. The electric energy network is fully developed in the area.

The region has significant thermal water resources, which are used only for recreational and medical purposes (Hévíz and Zalakaros).

Water supply and sewerage development, water quality protection, preservation of natural and scenic values are the central issues in the infrastructural system of the Lake Balaton Region in order to provide the highest standard of services to the permanent population and to secure favourable conditions for recreation and tourism.

By the end of 2000, every settlement of the resort area has already introduced piped water. Moreover, 52% of the settlements had drainage system as well. Nowadays, there are only 20 small settlements in the region where modern waste water treatment has not been completely solved yet.

Information infrastructure of the region undergoes continual development. Various Internet service providers are also available at the majority of small settlements. Thereby, public access to the Internet has significantly improved.

With about 90% of houses served, organized municipal solid waste collection can be considered to be solved. Selective collection of wastes has been introduced in many settlements. Nearly 30% of houses are directly involved in the selective waste collection system.

However, collection, treatment and safe disposal of municipal hazardous wastes (such as spent dry cells, batteries and light bulbs), as well as recycling and disposal of construction debris are still problems in the region, which should be solved.

Illegal and sub-standard waste dump sites constitute grave issues that are being eliminated and rehabilitated through the cooperation of municipal governments and NGOs.

Settlements in the region (especially coastline municipalities) have significant areas of green areas (such as parks, natural walkways and playground). In recent years, considerable efforts have been made to develop these areas.